Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Geophysical and Hydro-Chemical Investigation of The Area Around A Waste Dump Site In Ile-Ife, Southwest Nigeria

K. O. Obase,, M. O. Olorunfemi, J. O. Akintorinwa
KEYWORDS: Geophysical, Hydro-chemical, Waste Dump, Groundwater Quality, Pollution

ABSTRACT:

An integrated geophysical and hydro-chemical investigation was carried out in the area around the Stadium-Apollo Market waste dump located in Igboya area of Ile-Ife. It was with the aim of determining the geoelectric characteristics and groundwater chemistry which were used in delineating the subsurface sequence and evaluating the possible pollution of groundwater in the area. Eight Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) stations were occupied along two traverse lines trending North-South and East-West directions. Dipole-Dipole profilings were also carried out along same traverses. Eight water samples were collected from hand dug wells and analyzed for some chemical elements such as total acidity, major ions (Na , K , Cl-, Mg2 , Ca2 ), NO3- and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, and Pb). Results of the investigation indicate that a maximum of four subsurface layers- the top soil, clay/sandy clay unit, the weathered layer and the basement bedrock exist in the area. The weathered layer constitutes the main aquifer unit with thicknesses of between 7 and 38 m. From the 2-D resistivity structures, contaminant plumes characterized by relatively low resistivity values (< 150 ohm-m) were identified down to depth of about 40 m in some places. Hydro-chemical results showed that the total acidity and concentration of Na Cl- and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg and Pb) in wells closest to and down slope of the waste dump (total acidity 5.1-10.0 mg/l; Na 8.92-11.07 mg/l; Cl- 127.62-297.78 mg%



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