Petroleum Potential of Campano-Maastrichtian Shales of Anambra Basin, South Astern Nigeria
Over 6,000 meters thick terrigeneous sediment (mainly shale/ siltstones/lithologies) of campano – Maastrichtian age has been recorded in the Anambra basin. These shale/siltstones lithologies have been reported to be rich in organic matter and had fulfilled other relevant condition for hydrocarbon source rock potential. However, only few patches of hydrocarbon shows have been documented elsewhere in the basin. This work attempts to critically evaluate the hydrocarbon source potential of the organic rich shale sediments in the basin. A sample set of 40 ditch cuttings of manly shale lithologies retrieved at different depths intervals from 2 well were subjected to standard geo-chemical and organic petrography investigations. The samples were analyzed for the total carbon content (TOC), extract yield, organic matter types and organic maturity level.
As screening criteria, all the sample set were subjected to TOC measurement (LECO). The TOC values range from 0.81-1.40% (AKU2) and from 0.82-1.81% (AMA.1) most of the samples meet up with minimum required TOC value ().5%) for a siliciclastic sediments to be hydrocarbon prone. Extract yield range from 30.0 to 180.5 ppm (AKU2) and 30.0 to 128ppm (AMA 1). The Rock-Eval Pyrolysis data HI vs OI revealed that the samples fall within types II & III kerogen. This corroborates with the results of the maceral analysis. The maceral composition is mainly vitrinitic and liptinitic of terrestrial origin, which are over 65 volume percent.
The shales are moderately rich in organic matter. Extract yields and the bitumen ratio (mg HC/g TOC) revealed that these samples are at immature stage of Hydrocarbon generation. This is also supported by Tmax values of between 430-4900C.