Publisher: University of Calabar Teaching Hospital

Sero- Prevalence of Hepatitis - C Virus (HC V) Antibodies Among Blood Donors In Ikom, Cross River State, Nigeriasero- Prevalence of Hepatitis - C Virus (HC V) Antibodies Among Blood Donors In Ikom, Cross River State, Nigeria.

V. U. Usanga, J. Epoke
KEYWORDS: HCV, Prevalence rate; Blood donors; Ikom; Nigeria.

ABSTRACT:

The sero-prevalence of hepatitis-C virus (HCV) antibodies was investigated among blood donors in Ikom Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria, between July and December 2003.A total of 200 blood samples were screened for HCV antibodies using double antigen (Ag - Ab - Ag) Sandwich Immunoassay. The overall prevalence rate of HCV antibodies was 5%. Female subjects (25%) were more infected than males (4.2%) (P<0.05). More married donors tested positive (10%) than single subjects (1.67%) (P< 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between HCV antibodies with occupation, age and socio-economic status of studied subjects. The findings confirm the endemicity of HCV antibodies in Ikom. The need for screening blood for HCV antibodies before transfusing the blood to unsuspecting blood recipients is suggested.   


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