Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

The Effects of Nitrogen Rates On Growth and Yield of Five Varieties of Swamp Rice {Oryza Sativa Linn.} In Ini, South Eastern Nigeria

N. E. Nneke, B. A. Ndon
KEYWORDS: Nitrogen rates, rice varieties, effects, growth and yield


A field experiment was conducted in 1998 and 1999 in lni local Government Area of Akwa lbom State, Nigeria;mainly to determine the optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate for the area as well as select the rice varieties that responded optimally. A split plot design was used with five N rates {O, 50, 100, 150 and 200kg/ha}as the sub plot treatments and five rice varieties (Cisadine) Suakoko 8, IR 5, I TA 306 and MAS 2401} as the main plot treatments. Nitrogen was band applied as urea in two equal at 2 and 8 weeks after transplanting {WAT}, respectively. The results showed that the grain yield and growth parameters of the rice varieties were significantly {P <0.05) increased by the various N rates. In particular, the rate of 150 kg/ ha was consistently superior to other rates in increasing yields. It produced the brnadest leaf area and the highest number of spikes per panicle in 1999and the highest number of tillers per plant and the heaviest grain yield in both years. Among the varieties, Suakoko 8 gave the highest significant (P < 0. OS}yield response to the applied N fertilizer, followed by IR 5 and MAS 2401 {no significant difference}, !TA 306 and Cisadane, in that order. Application of 150 kg/ha of N in the form of urea to Suakoko 8 variety is recommended for the area.

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