Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Phytochemical Studies and Comparative Efficacy of The Crude Extracts of Some Haemostatic Plants In Edo and Delta States of Nigeria

B. O. Obadoni, P. O. Ochuko
KEYWORDS: Phytochemical, crude extracts, haemostatic plants

ABSTRACT:

Leaves of Ageratum conyzoides (LL Alchornea cordifolia (Schym and Thonn) Muel. Arg, Aspifia . afncana (Pers.) C. D. Adams, Baphia nitida (Lodd), Chromolaena odorata (L) K. R., Landophia owariensis (P. Beauv) and sap of  Jatropha curcas (L) used traditionally to arrest bleeding in fresh cuts were comaparatively investigated phytochemically and their ability to precipitate and coagulate blood plasma. Saponins and tannins were the most abundant compounds in these plants while flavoids were the least. Crude aqueous extracts of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins from these plants precipitated and coagulated blood plasma within time limits of 4 to 120 seconds (for precipitation) and 15 to 1500 seconds (for coagulation). Results from L. prothrombin owariensis, timing showed that A. afriana was the most efficacious haemostatic plant followed by  L. owariensis, and J. curcas the least. Some similarities in their chemical composition established a scientific basis for common usage in  traditional medicine.


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