Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Admission Criteria and Subsequent Academic Performance of Medical Students At The University of Calabar

Etete J. Peters, Kobina K. Imananagha, Dianabasi U. Eduwem, Raphael L. Effiong


A correlational study was carried out to assess the relationship between admission criteria into Nigerian Universities and subsequent academic performance of medical students at the College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar. A total of 162 students ( 133 males and 29 females) from five sets of graduands (1990-95) who met the selection criteria were surveyed. Their mean scores at West African School Certificate Examination (WASC) and Joint Admission and matriculation Board Certificate JAMB Examination were compared with their subsequent academic performance at school. The relationship between these parameters and academic performance was assessed using multiple regression analysis and correlation coefficient statistical methods. The study showed that there was a positive correlation between the WASC scores of the candidates and their subsequent academic performance in the medical School. However, there was a negative correlation between Joint Admission and Matriculation Board Examination scores of the Candidates and their subsequent academic performance. Also in the multiple linear regression analysis of the relationship between academic performance and the two parameters, West African School Certificate Scores were directly related to the academic performance and was statistically significant whereas Joint Admission and matriculation Board scores did not correlate significantly. Thus, the present admission criteria into our Universities does not reflect merit as a major criterion for admission of students as reflected in the study

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