Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Proximate and Phytochemical Composition of Garcinia Kola and Vernonia Amygdalina

H. A. Ibekwe, M. U. Eteng, E. Antigha
KEYWORDS: Proximate, Phytochemical, Garoinia kola, Vernonia amygdalina.

ABSTRACT:

The study on the proximate and phytochemical compositions of Garcinia kola seeds (Bitter cola) and Vernonia amygdalina leaves (Bitter leaf) was carried out to ascertain an aspect of their nutriitive values having compared their therapeutic usefulness. The proximate analysis was carried out for 3 conseeutive times for each fraction using AOAC method (1990) whereas the phytochemical screening was done using qualitative Chemical tests-epecific to each phytoehemical compound suspected. Theresult obtained revealed a high percentage proximate fraction in Vernonia amygdatina. However. the percentage nitrogen free emrad (NFE) fraction is higher in Garoinia kola·seeds than peroemage of Vernonia amygdaline leaves reflecting a low percentage of crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract and Ash. The phytoehernieal constituents detected are similar with respect to phenols and divergent in the case of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins. saponins, and hemicellulose. Vernonia amygdatina leaves are higher in crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract and ash than Garcinia kola seeds.


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