© Global Journal Of Pure And Applied Sciences . 2009. Vol. 15 No. 3
Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd
Influence of Plastic Mulch On Damage and Yield of Yam Tuber By Yam Beetles (HETEROLIGUS SPP.) In Delta State, Nigeria
F. O. Tobih, L. U. Okonmah
KEYWORDS: Plastic mulch, yam beetle, damage, yield.
ABSTRACT:The effects of plastic mulch on damage and yield of yam tuber by yam beetles were investigated at two locations in 2005 and 2006 cropping seasons in Delta State. Trials were laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with three treatments: black plastic mulch, white plastic mulch and as unprotected control plot which were replicated three times. Data collected were, the number, depth and diameter of feeding holes on yam tuber (Dioscorea rotundata cv adaka), tuber yield and percentage yield increase over control as well as percentage tuber attacked and damage scores. The plastic mulch protected plots had positive impact on tuber yields as indicated by the relatively high percentage yield increase over control which ranged from 23%-66%. It was generally observed that plastic mulch protected plots were significantly different (P< 0.05) from the control in all the locations and year of cropping. Investigation revealed that white and black plastic mulches were not very effective against the beetle devastation but offered some protection.
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