KEYWORDS: SOLAR ENERGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN NIGERIA.
Solar energy is the energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation, which requires no medium for its transmission. The earth receives about one - half of one billionth of the total solar output. The sun is largely responsible for almost all of our conventional energy sources. For example, photosynthesis of plants and algae supported ancient life that later became fossils fuels. Even, hydrnelectric power wOlJld not be possible without the evaporation of water. Unfortunately, solar energy itself has not been fully accepted as a safe, efficient and understandable source of energy. The time is ripe, however, for all of us to become aware of the direct contributions solar energy can make to our lives and economy, most especially during this time of erratic power supply by the National Electric Power Authority. (NEPA). Some of the applications of solar energy in Nigeria are in Village electrification, residential I commercial building, water pumping and purification, agricultural utilization, heating sources, industrial utilization etc.