Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Thermal Stability of Nickel Azides

I. Ikora Irom
KEYWORDS: Ageing, activation Energy, Thermal Conductivity, order of Symmetry, Azides

ABSTRACT:

Thermal decomposition studies were carried out on three samples of nickel azide. The samples, prepared using different methods, are fresh nickel azide, fresh nickel hydroxy axide and the third sample was obtained by ageing fresh nickel hydroxy azide for almost one year. Thermal decomposition of the samples at different temperatures was carried out using a locally designed apparatus. The decomposition patterns of eacr1 of tr1e samples cannot t:: explained by a single kinetic law as each of them comprises more than one region or stage of decomposition. Ni(ll)N3 and aged Ni(OH)IJ3 decompose with maximum rate from the beginning of the decomposition at all temperatures considered. Ni(OH)N3 however shows an initial induction period and considerable acceleratory rates before the dei:;ay starts. Activation ent:rgies ca!culated from appropriate rate constants gave similar values for the exponential and decay regions for Ni(ll)N3 and aged Ni(OH)N3 (147± 3 and 74±6KJ mol^-1 respectively) while those for Ni(OH)N3 in the acceleratory and decay regions are 106KJ mole for both regions. The overall observation is that ageing of Ni(OH)N3 brings about the removal of the induction period in the decomposition kinetics similar to fresh Ni(il)N3.


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