Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

Impact of Water Availability On Diarrhoeal Mobidity In Two Contrasting Communities In Cross River State, South Eastern Nigeria.

J. F. Nfongeh,, S. M. Udo, J. A. Lennox
KEYWORDS: Diarrhoea. mobidity, odds, ratio, water.

ABSTRACT:

A case-control study of the impact of water availability on diarrhom1I morbidity was carried out in a typical rural community (Adim Community, as the study community) ,md the diarrhoeal morbidity compared with that of an urban settlement (Federal Housing Estate in Cnlabar Municipnlity, as the control com,,: .. 1ity) all in Cross River State. Between tile months of January to September 2002, a total of 1,836 households were visiterl in the study community and 1,500 in the control community, with 1, 112 and 238 diarrhoeal cases reported respectively. Variable factors such as distance to water source (€ 1000m: Odd.Ratio 3.80; 95% Cl: 1.98-5.21) and Amount of water used per person per day (i.4 litres: Odd Ratio 5.1:95'V9 Cl t..BG,6-l4)Were statistically associated with diarrhoeal morbidity in the study community. Monthly diarrhoeal incidence ( per 100 ( el i1000m: Odd Ratio 3.80; 95%, Cl : 1.98-5.21) and Amount of waler used per person per day (1.4 liii·es:'·Odd Ratio 5.1 :05% Cl 1.86-6.84) were statistically associated with diarrhoeal morbidity in the study community. Monthly diarrhoeol incidence ( per moo Di ranging from 5.0-18. 7 and 1.5 -4. 7 were reported in the study and control communities respectively, with high values obtained during the dry period and early rains. Monthly incidence showed significant difference both in the study community (P> 0.05) and between the study and control communities (P>0.05). The two communities were observed to have great differences in the sources of their water supplies. Water availability was significantly associated with diarrhoeal morbidity in the study population.


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