Publisher: Chemical Society of Nigeria

Extraction and Characterization of Pentaclethra Macrophylla Seed Oil

A. Jauro,, K. C. Oshieke, H. M. Adamu
KEYWORDS: Pentaclethra macrophylla, extraction, vegetable oil, Nigeria, biodiesel

ABSTRACT:

Petroleum ether was used in extracting the oil of Pentaclethra macrophylla (African Oil Bean) seed oil (PMSO) and quality of the extracted oil was assessed. The moisture content, oil yield, specific gravity, viscosity, refractive index, pH, acid value, iodine value, peroxide and saponification values were found to be: 7.14%, 53.20%, 0.9004, 11.80 – 12.10mm2/s, 1.4625, 6.55, 0.476mgNaOH/g of oil, 116g/100g oil, 0.16mEq/kg and 176mg KOH/g respectively. The results obtained revealed that the oil is of good quality and could be suitable for use in cooking, soap and paint making, lather shaving, in creams and as a feedstock for biodiesel production.


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