Publisher: Pharmacotherapy Group

Neuroprotective Effect of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Ii On 1Methyl-4-Phenyl Pyridinium-Induced Oxidative Damage In Cortical Neuronal Cells

Wei Dong, Lin Hu, Xiao-wei Xu
KEYWORDS: Insulin-like growth factor-II, Neuronal cells, 1-Methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium, Mitochondrial markers, Oxidative stress, Neuroprotection, Antioxidant

ABSTRACT:

To evaluate the receptor-mediated neuroprotective effect of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGFII) on 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP)-induced oxidative damage in adult cortical neuronal cultures. Adult rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. Cortical neurons were prepared from rats. The cells were exposed to 10 μM of MPP (group 1, G1);  MPP + 100 ng/mL of IGF-II (group 2, G2); MPP + IGF in the presence of 20 ng/μL IGF-I analogue (group 3; G3); 5 ng/μL anti-IGF-IIR (group 4; G4); or MPP + IGF II + IGF inhibitor (group 5; G5). The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), levels of oxidative stress markers, antioxidant enzymes, mitochondrial functional markers were analyzed in the MPP-treated neuronal cells (with or without treatment with IGF-II). The results demonstrate that IGF-II treatment protects MPP-induced toxicity by decreasing ROS production (58.33 %; p ˂ 0.001), AChE levels (50 %), and maintaining the innate antioxidants to near normal levels. The study on oxidative functional markers showed that IGF-II significantly decreased the MPP-induced elevated levels and mitochondrial markers (TBARS, 40 %, LOOH-39.28 %) to near normal levels. Further analysis using inhibitors of IGF-IR (IGF-I analogue) and IGF-IIR (antiIGF-IIR) showed that involvement of IGF-IIR might have greatly contributed to the neuroprotective effect of IGF-II. IGF-II receptors play a significant role in the neuroprotective mechanism of IGF-II by acting as an antioxidant, thereby reducing the neuro-degeneration induced by oxidative insults. This indicates that IGF-II receptors are a potential target for the treatment of diseases related to imbalance in redox homeostasis. To evaluate the receptor-mediated neuroprotective effect of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGFII) on 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP)-induced oxidative damage in adult cortical neuronal cultures. Adult rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. Cortical neurons were prepared from rats. The cells were exposed to 10 μM of MPP (group 1, G1);  MPP + 100 ng/mL of IGF-II (group 2, G2); MPP + IGF in the presence of 20 ng/μL IGF-I analogue (group 3; G3); 5 ng/μL anti-IGF-IIR (group 4; G4); or MPP + IGF II + IGF inhibitor (group 5; G5). The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), levels of oxidative stress markers, antioxidant enzymes, mitochondrial functional markers were analyzed in the MPP-treated neuronal cells (with or without treatment with IGF-II). The results demonstrate that IGF-II treatment protects MPP-induced toxicity by decreasing ROS production (58.33 %; p ˂ 0.001), AChE levels (50 %), and maintaining the innate antioxidants to near normal levels. The study on oxidative functional markers showed that IGF-II significantly decreased the MPP-induced elevated levels and mitochondrial markers (TBARS, 40 %, LOOH-39.28 %) to near normal levels. Further analysis using inhibitors of IGF-IR (IGF-I analogue) and IGF-IIR (antiIGF-IIR) showed that involvement of IGF-IIR might have greatly contributed to the neuroprotective effect of IGF-II. IGF-II receptors play a significant role in the neuroprotective mechanism of IGF-II by acting as an antioxidant, thereby reducing the neuro-degeneration induced by oxidative insults. This indicates that IGF-II receptors are a potential target for the treatment of diseases related to imbalance in redox homeostasis. 


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