Publisher: Bachudo Science Co. Ltd

The Use of Geoelectrics In The Study of A Shallow Quaternary Alluvial Aquifer In Yenagoa, Southern Nigeria

K. S. Okiongbo, G. C. Soronnadi-ononiwu
KEYWORDS: Porosity, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, transverse resistance, Yenagoa

ABSTRACT:

Fifteen (15) electrical surveys (VES) were carried out and results used to delineate the shallow lithostratigraphic units and evaluate the electrical and hydrogeological characteristics of the aquifer zone of the alluvial deposits in Yenagoa metropolis and environs. The Schlumberger electrode configuration was adopted and maximum current electrode half- spacings (AB/2) ranged from 100 to 200m. The VES data were interpreted using 1D inversion technique software (1X1D, Interpex, USA). A maximum of four geoelectric layers were delineated and the aquifer is characterised by loose sand with resistivity ranging from 136.1 – 828.6Ωm and thickness of 8.3-97.6m. The hydraulic conductivity ( K = 41.3m/day) value measured in a reference borehole was combined with the normalized electrical conductivity (σ 1) from a nearby vertical electrical sounding data. The resulting relation was interpreted with Dar Zarrouk parameters to infer the transmissivity variations at other vertical electrical sounding locations, where K values are unknown. The results showed that the transmissivity is linearly related to the normalized transverse resistance and hydraulic conductivity is also linearly related with normalized aquifer resistivity. Transmissivity values in the aquifer vary from 342.8 to 4030.9 m 2/day, and hydraulic conductivity K varies from 12.0 – 88.0m/day throughout the study area. 


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