Publisher: African Studies Association

Zenzele: African Women'S Self-Help Organizations In South Africa, 1927–1998

Catherine Higgs
KEYWORDS: Zenzele: African Women's Self-Help Organizations in South Africa, 1927–1998

ABSTRACT:

The Zenzele clubs of the Eastern Cape of South Africa, which date from the late 1920s, were founded by mission-educated African women who sought to improve the lives of rural African women by enhancing their subsistence farming and cooking skills and educating them about household cleanliness, basic child care, and health care. Unlike associations for African women in British colonial Africa, Zenzele clubs did not evolve into political organizations. In the white-run segregated and apartheid states that persisted through 1994, Zenzele women did not engage in direct political action; rather, they sought to unite African women across class and ethnic lines and focused their efforts on community development.




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