Publisher: University of Calabar

Money Politics and Vote Buying In Nigeria: A Threat To Democratic Governance In Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State

Beetseh, Kwaghga, Akpoo, Tarfa
KEYWORDS: Money polities, vote buying and Democratic Governance

ABSTRACT:

This paper was designed to investigate money politics and vote buying in Nigeria as a threat to democratic governance in Benue State. Four research questions were raised and answered with two hypotheses tested using Makurdi Local Area as a case study. The population for the paper consisted of all the 20,260, civil servants in Benue State, 14 Commissioners in 14 Ministries and 15 Councilors in the 14 Council wards in Makurdi Local Government Area. The sample for the paper was 392 respondents. Data collected for the paper was described using arithmetic mean, and Chi-square statistics was employed to test the hypotheses. Findings of the paper revealed that money politics and vote buying have serious threats to democratic governance in Benue State. The paper concluded that it is necessary to conclude all legislative processes be implemented in time to enable stakeholders appreciate the operating laws for the exercise be made for good governance in Benue State. It was recommended that the Electoral and other institutional reforms should be effective. Anti-corruption agencies need to collaborate with banks and other financial institutions to monitor the movement of cash during elections. Also essential, is a culture of democratic citizenship that begins with a citizenry ready to insist on credible and transparent elections. Voters should be sensible enough to imbibe moral objections to vote buying.

This paper was designed to investigate money politics and vote buying in Nigeria as a threat to
democratic governance in Benue State. Four research questions were raised and answered with two
hypotheses tested using Makurdi Local Area as a case study. The population for the paper consisted of
all the 20,260, civil servants in Benue State, 14 Commissioners in 14 Ministries and 15 Councilors in
the 14 Council wards in Makurdi Local Government Area. The sample for the paper was 392
respondents. Data collected for the paper was described using arithmetic mean, and Chi-square
statistics was employed to test the hypotheses. Findings of the paper revealed that money politics and
vote buying have serious threats to democratic governance in Benue State. The paper concluded that it
is necessary to conclude all legislative processes be implemented in time to enable stakeholders
appreciate the operating laws for the exercise be made for good governance in Benue State. It was
recommended that the Electoral and other institutional reforms should be effective. Anti-corruption
agencies need to collaborate with banks and other financial institutions to monitor the movement of
cash during elections. Also essential, is a culture of democratic citizenship that begins with a citizenry
ready to insist on credible and transparent elections. Voters should be sensible enough to imbibe moral
objections to vote buying.


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