Publisher: Centre For Social Science Research, Enugu

The Spdc and Challenges of Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From The Niger Delta Region, Nigeria

Eric N. Okoro
KEYWORDS: Corporate Social Responsibility, Multinational Oil Companies, Nigeria, Shell Petroleum Development Company


The Niger Delta Region of Nigeria produces a significant portion of the aggregate oil wealth of Nigeria. Since 1956 when oil was first struck in Oloibiri in Southern Nigeria, the Niger Delta region has accounted for over 90 per cent of Nigeria’s oil income. However, the region has perennially suffered
from environmental neglect, crumbling infrastructures and services, high unemployment, social deprivation, abject poverty and endemic conflict. This has led to calls for oil companies operating in the Niger Delta to demonstrate the value of their investments to Nigeria by undertaking increased
community development initiatives that provide direct social benefits such as local employment, new infrastructure, schools, and improved health care delivery. This paper examines the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that is, how companies manage their oil exploration and
business processes to produce an overall positive impact on society. It has focused on the impact of Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) on oil producing communities using Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC) as a case study. This is considered the thrust of this study
that assessed the extent, constraints and challenges to the adoption of the principles of corporate social responsibility by SPDC; to operate in the Niger Delta fully according to robust international social and environmental standards. It concludes that SPDC should adopt a reformed approach to improve
operational transparency and a bottom-up community led approach to development programmes in the Niger Delta region.

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